Search Public Records
Please enter first name
Please enter last name
Please choose a state
Please enter a valid phone number
Please enter a house number
Please enter a street name
Please enter a city
Please choose a state

New Mexico Court Records

New Mexico Court Records encompass the register of actions and docket entries that track the progress of a case in the state. These documents are essential for understanding court procedures, as they serve as evidence in legal matters and permit monitoring case developments.

These documents contain case-related information in this state, including criminal, civil, familial, and probate matters. Typically, it consists of motions, court dockets, orders, judgments, pleadings, and other relevant documents generated throughout a case.

Like many other jurisdictions, court records in New Mexico are publicly available documents. Their accessibility to the public is not arbitrary but rather the result of a particular legal framework.

Under the New Mexico Inspection of Public Records Act (IPRA), state residents have the right to obtain public records held by all levels of government. However, it's important to note that this right is not absolute, as the act also includes certain restrictions on public access to certain records. 

For instance, confidential or sealed court records are only accessible to case parties and their attorneys, whereas juvenile court records are inaccessible to the general public.

Which New Mexico Courts Maintain Publicly Accessible Records?

To quickly obtain court records in New Mexico, an individual must understand the state court system. Understanding the structure of the several New Mexico courts will help an interested individual determine which one has jurisdiction over a case and where to obtain the relevant documents.

The majority of New Mexico Court Records are publicly accessible in the trial court system, which consists of the following courts:

New Mexico District Courts

New Mexico District Courts serve as the backbone of the state's judicial system, ensuring the fair and impartial administration of justice. The jurisdiction of these courts is extensive and encompasses both civil and criminal cases.

In terms of civil matters, District Courts handle a diverse range of cases, including contract disputes, personal injury claims, property disputes, family law matters, and probate cases. They also have the power to issue judgments, make rulings, and enforce decisions in these cases.

Regarding criminal cases, these courts oversee a variety of offenses, ranging from minor infractions to serious felonies. They also conduct trials, hear evidence, and render verdicts in criminal matters. Moreover, these courts can impose sentences and administer justice per the law.

In addition to their general jurisdiction, District Courts in New Mexico have specialized divisions to handle specific cases.

These divisions include the Children's Court, which deals with specific juvenile cases, such as child neglect, juvenile delinquency, child abuse, adoption, and the emancipation of minors, and the Probate Court, which handles trusts, wills, and estate administration.

New Mexico Metropolitan Courts

Another essential component of New Mexico's judicial system is the Metropolitan Courts which provide localized justice and accessibility to communities.

Metropolitan Courts are limited jurisdiction courts established in various populated areas throughout the state. Designed to address local legal issues efficiently and effectively, these courts also handle a wide range of cases, including both civil and criminal matters, within their designated jurisdictions.

In New Mexico, these courts possess jurisdiction similar to Magistrate Courts but with some additional authority over certain types of cases.

Regarding criminal cases, Metropolitan Courts hear misdemeanors, DWI/DUI violations, traffic infractions, and most violations of county and municipal laws.

In civil cases, these courts handle most general civil claims under $10,000 without considering interest and costs. These cases encompass landlord-tenant conflicts, contracts, quasi-contracts, and negligence.

In addition to their primary jurisdiction over misdemeanor criminal cases and limited civil matters, Metropolitan Courts often share jurisdiction with other courts in specific areas.

For example, they may share jurisdiction over certain misdemeanor criminal cases with District and Magistrate Courts. This cooperation ensures a comprehensive and coordinated approach to local legal matters, streamlining the judicial process.

New Mexico Magistrate Courts

New Mexico Magistrate Courts are trial courts with limited jurisdiction that operate in various counties throughout the state. Generally, these courts address legal matters at the local level, and they are often the first courts individuals encounter when dealing with legal issues.

Magistrate Courts possess limited jurisdiction over specific types of civil and criminal cases. In civil lawsuits, these courts handle small claims disputes, landlord-tenant issues, and civil actions. 

When handling such cases, these courts typically provide a forum for individuals to seek resolution for legal disputes without the need for more complex and time-consuming proceedings in higher-level courts.

In terms of criminal cases, Magistrate Courts handle preliminary hearings for all criminal cases, as well as most misdemeanors, petty misdemeanors, and county ordinance violations. In certain situations, these courts can also address municipal ordinance violations.

While Magistrate Courts handle a wide range of cases, it is essential to note that they have limited jurisdiction compared to higher-level courts. These courts do not have the authority to handle certain types of cases, such as:

  • Guardianships
  • Malicious prosecution
  • Slander
  • Libel
  • Domestic relations
  • Adoption

New Mexico Probate Courts

Probate Courts in New Mexico are specialized courts with exclusive jurisdiction over probate cases. Their primary responsibility is to oversee estates' administration when an individual passes away, ensuring that the decedent's properties are distributed according to their wishes and in compliance with the law.

Also, these courts have the authority to appoint guardians for minors or individuals who cannot make decisions due to incapacitation. Additionally, Probate Courts appoint conservators to manage the financial affairs and assets of individuals who cannot do so themselves.

It's important to note that these courts share jurisdiction with other courts in certain situations.

For example, when it comes to informal probate matters, these courts share original jurisdiction with District Courts. It includes the informal appointment of a personal representative and claims where there is no dispute regarding the validity of a decedent's will.

In addition to their jurisdiction over probate, guardianship, and conservatorship matters, Probate Courts handle contested civil cases. However, this jurisdiction is subject to financial limits and is limited to certain types of cases.

New Mexico Municipal Courts

In New Mexico, Municipal Courts are an essential component of the state's legal system, serving as local courts with jurisdiction over violations of municipal ordinances.

Similar to other courts mentioned above, these are specialized courts established by municipalities, such as cities and towns, to address violations of their specific local ordinances.

The jurisdiction of Municipal Courts primarily revolves around violations of municipal ordinances, which include offenses like driving under the influence of intoxicating substances. They do not have jurisdiction over state laws or other more serious criminal crimes that fall under the purview of higher-level courts.

These courts also have jurisdiction limitations and do not provide jury trials. A case eligible for a jury trial will be transferred to another court upon a valid request.

However, even though these courts have limited jurisdiction, they play a significant role in adjudicating cases related to traffic violations and other infractions that occur within the municipality's boundaries.

In certain circumstances, Municipal Courts in New Mexico may also handle contested cases involving violations of campus traffic regulations, particularly concerning educational institutions within the municipality.

Apart from the trial courts, New Mexico has two higher courts: the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals.

Besides managing certain court records in New Mexico, these courts play an essential function in the state's judicial system. They provide an opportunity for appellate review, allowing parties dissatisfied with subordinate court decisions to present their cases to higher courts.

What are the Common Public Court Records in New Mexico?

The New Mexico legal system has firmly committed to upholding two essential principles: transparency and the public's right to access fairness. As a result of this commitment, the following New Mexico Court Records are readily accessible upon request:

New Mexico Civil and Small Claims Records

In New Mexico's legal system, two types of court records are essential for resolving disputes and providing justice: New Mexico Civil Court Records and New Mexico Small Claim Records.

New Mexico Civil Court Records consist of cases related to civil law. These cases involve disputes between parties seeking monetary damages of more than $250,000 or other non-criminal remedies.

The District Courts are responsible for resolving complex civil disputes in New Mexico. The procedure for these cases is complicated and formal, and the parties involved are usually represented by attorneys who present arguments, file motions, engage in discovery processes, and present evidence during the trial.

On the other hand, New Mexico Small Claim Records relate to cases with financial disparities of up to $10,000. The Small Claim Courts in this state handle these cases and follow a more straightforward and faster process than civil court records.

In New Mexico, the District Courts are responsible for maintaining the Civil Court Records in New Mexico. Meanwhile, the Magistrate Courts generally hold the Small Claims Court Records. 

Therefore, to obtain New Mexico Civil and Small Claims Records, interested individuals must first identify the appropriate court that held the records. 

Then, they can visit the courthouse in person, locate the clerk's office, and request access to the desired records by filling out the necessary forms, which may require providing specific case details or names of the parties involved. 

Interested individuals must pay any applicable fees for document retrieval or copying services. Following the court's procedures, the clerk's office will assist them in locating and obtaining the requested records, which they can receive as either paper documents or digital copies.

What Information Do New Mexico Civil and Small Claims Records Contain?

Small Claims Court Records and Civil Court Records of New Mexico both contain data that is identical to one another. Regardless of the case type, both kinds of court records usually include the following information:

  • Case number
  • Names and contact information of the parties involved
  • Date of filing
  • Nature of the dispute or claim
  • Supporting documents or evidence submitted by the parties
  • Court rulings or judgments
  • Dates and details of hearings or appearances
  • Final disposition of the case

New Mexico Criminal Records

Criminal Records in New Mexico are among the various court records generated throughout the progression of a criminal case.

In New Mexico, local, county, and state-operated criminal justice agencies gather the information in this record, encompassing a comprehensive collection of official documents related to criminal offenses committed within the state.

Typically, these records serve as a repository of crucial information regarding individuals' involvement in criminal activities, including arrests, charges, indictments issued, convictions obtained, and periods of incarceration.

Like any other states, criminal records in New Mexico serve multiple important purposes. Employers, landlords, and organizations entrusted with public safety rely on these records to assess the suitability of individuals for employment, housing, or volunteer positions.

Additionally, New Mexico individuals may access and use their criminal records to prepare for any potential problems during a background check.

How To Find Criminal Records in New Mexico

Acquiring New Mexico Criminal Records entails specific procedures and requirements that individuals must fulfill. In this state, the New Mexico Department of Public Safety (NMDPS) organizes and maintains these documents in record depositories.

In New Mexico, the most reliable way to find a criminal record in New Mexico is through the fingerprint-based criminal record search of NMDPS.

To begin a search, one must furnish fingerprints of the individuals they are searching for in the criminal record.

Additionally, they must provide accurate identification, state the purpose of the search, complete the necessary application forms supplied by the NMDPS, and pay the applicable search fee.

However, it is essential to note that this service is limited to employers, financial institutions, and individuals seeking detailed criminal record information for themselves.

New Mexico Traffic Records

One of the most common types of New Mexico Court Records is the traffic record which contains valuable information related to traffic violations and accidents within the state. Generally, these records are a repository of crucial information regarding the state's citations, driver's license histories, and vehicle registration details.

In New Mexico, the IPRA permits individuals to examine and obtain copies of traffic records maintained by government agencies. Individuals may initiate judicial proceedings if a government agency refuses to grant access to these records. However, there are exceptions where agencies can legally withhold certain public documents.

While these records are publicly available in New Mexico, the Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) protects drivers' personal information. This legislative act prohibits the dissemination and commercialization of drivers' personal information, primarily to third-party marketers, without the driver's consent. 

Nevertheless, information about traffic violations, accidents, and a driver's license status remains public.

In New Mexico, the information contained in traffic records may vary, but generally, it can include the following:

  • Driver's personal information, such as name and date of birth
  • Vehicle information
  • Driver's license number
  • Details of any traffic offenses committed
  • Information on issued citations, penalties, or warnings
  • License suspensions or revocations
  • Records of past driving crimes, accidents, and convictions

How To Access New Mexico Traffic Records

One way to get traffic records in New Mexico is to ask the New Mexico Motor Vehicle Division (MVD) for driving history records. This division offers an online service that enables easy access to driving records for the past three years, beginning with the search date.

Using the online tool, any individual wanting to obtain the record must provide their birthdate, social security number, and driver's license number.

A certified driver record, a copy of a person's driving document, and a certification letter from the MVD are available upon request.

Also, a non-certified version is available for a lower price. However, it is crucial to remember that many employers and insurance companies may not accept this version in New Mexico. 

Aside from that, the MVD maintains a subscriber service for businesses and government entities that need access to this information.

New Mexico Probate Records

Probate Records in New Mexico encompass various documents and filings related to administering a deceased person's estate. These records offer a comprehensive account of the dead person's financial affairs, property ownership, debts, and the allocation of their assets among heirs and beneficiaries.

When settling an estate in New Mexico, the process is similar to other states, following a general probate procedure. However, there may be different timelines and details for filing probate in the state.

In most cases, New Mexico statutes mandate filing probate within three years after the person's death. However, no one can be appointed executor or formally open probate for the first 120 hours after the death.

Additionally, it's essential to know that the probate process in this state is relatively simple compared to some other states. Also, not every property needs to go through probate. 

In certain situations, estates valued at $50,000 or less can avoid probate. This process can also be avoided if all property automatically transfers upon death.

How To Obtain New Mexico Probate Records

The first step to obtaining New Mexico Probate Records is to reach out to the Probate Court in the county that handled the probate case. Each county in New Mexico has its Probate Court responsible for maintaining probate records. One can find the specific contact information for the Probate Court online or by contacting the County Clerk's Office.

If the person resides near the county where the probate case occurred, they can choose to visit the Probate Court in person. But some counties in New Mexico offer online access to probate records through their official websites. 

Such an example is Bernalillo County, which has an online database that allows searchers to look for Probate Court case docket information from 1964. 

If it is not possible to visit the Probate Court in person or access the records online, individuals can submit a written request to the Probate Court. A formal letter should be addressed to the Probate Court of the specific county, clearly explaining the request for probate records.

Alternatively, individuals may contact the New Mexico Administrative Office of the Courts, which oversees the state's judicial system. They may be able to provide general guidance on accessing these records or direct individuals to the appropriate county probate court for specific inquiries.

It is important to note that while probate records are publicly accessible, the process and requirements for obtaining copies of these records may vary from county to county.

Therefore, contacting the respective court in advance is advisable to inquire about any specific procedures, fees, or restrictions associated with accessing and obtaining probate records in that jurisdiction.

New Mexico Family Records

New Mexico Family Records from court refers to vital resources that document legal proceedings related to family law matters within the state.

Generally, these records serve as essential documentation of legal proceedings related to family and domestic issues, providing valuable insight into resolving matters such as child custody, divorce, child support, spousal support, and domestic violence cases.

These records in the state typically consist of a wide range of documents and filings associated with family law cases. It may include petitions, complaints, motions, orders, judgments, and other relevant court documents.

They may also contain detailed information about the parties involved in the case, including their names, addresses, and contact information. Additionally, they provide an account of the legal issues at hand, the arguments presented by each party, and the court's final ruling or decision.

The Family Court Division of the Judicial District Court maintains and manages these records. Some Judicial District Courts, like the Second Judicial District Court, have a special Family Court that has been around for an extended period. They ensure the proper recording and preservation of these records, allowing for efficient access and retrieval when necessary.

Thus, interested parties may visit the courthouse that handled the case to obtain these records. The specific courthouse will depend on the county where the lawsuit was filed.

To get copies of these records, individuals typically need to provide specific information about the case, such as the names of the parties involved, the case number, and the date of the court proceeding.

Some courthouses may also require individuals to fill out a request form or provide identification to verify their eligibility to access the records.

New Mexico Bankruptcy Records

In New Mexico, the trial courts manage most court records, except for bankruptcy records, which are the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure govern.

Bankruptcy records in New Mexico provide personal and financial information of individuals that file for bankruptcy in any of the bankruptcy courts in the state.

These records contain details about the debtor, including their name, address, and contact information. It also provides a comprehensive account of the debtor's assets, liabilities, financial transactions, and any legal actions taken during bankruptcy.

In this state, bankruptcy records are public documents according to 11 U.S.C. section 107. The District of New Mexico Bankruptcy Court oversees bankruptcy cases within the state, and it ensures the proper recording, organization, and preservation of these records, allowing for easy access and retrieval when needed.

How To Obtain Bankruptcy Records in New Mexico

The Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) system is the primary way to access New Mexico Bankruptcy Records. This system allows users to search and retrieve bankruptcy records online.

To use this online tool, individuals must create a subscriber account by completing the registration process on the official website. Once registered, users can log in and search for bankruptcy records by party name, case number, or other relevant criteria.

However, accessing bankruptcy records through PACER involves a nominal fee. Users are charged per page of documents accessed, including docket entries, pleadings, and court orders.

Alternatively, individuals can request hard copies of the documents by completing a Copy Request form that must be submitted to the bankruptcy court clerk's office via mail, fax, or email and pay the applicable fees.

Like other states, the Judicial Branch of New Mexico offers online access to court records through New Mexico Courts CaseLookup. Interested individuals can visit the New Mexico Courts homepage and click "Find a Case" to use this search tool.

To access court records using this tool, individuals need to search for the names of the people involved in the case. They can also narrow their search by providing additional information such as driver's license details and date of birth. Aside from the name search, one can perform a Case Number Search or DWI Search on this system.

Another way to obtain New Mexico Court Records is by using the Secured Odyssey Public Access (SOPA). To use this system, individuals must create an account. Once registered, they can use the search function and enter relevant details like the party's name or case number.

It's important to know that some court systems may require payment for accessing certain court records through SOPA. If an amount is necessary, the system will provide instructions on how to complete the payment process.

Apart from these systems, individuals interested in obtaining court records can contact or visit the specific court that handled the case. 

To determine the court's specific location and contact information in a particular county, individuals can search online or consult the official website of the county government. The county government websites typically provide information on the court's address, phone number, and hours of operation.

It is worth noting that the availability of court records may vary depending on the type of case, its status, and any applicable legal restrictions.


Counties in New Mexico

Courts in New Mexico

Bernalillo County Metropolitan Court401 Lomas Blvd, Albuquerque, NM
Rio Rancho Municipal Court500 Quantum Road, Rio Rancho, NM
Los Ranchos Municipal Court6718 Rio Grande Blvd, Los Ranchos, NM
Thirteenth Judicial District Court - Sandoval1500 Idalia Rd., Bernalillo, NM
Municipal Court Bernalillo829 Camino del Pueblo, Bernalillo, NM
Corrales Municipal Court4324 Corrales Rd, Corrales, NM
Belen Municipal Court100 S. Main St., Belen, NM